If there’s one thing I enjoy in this world above a lot of things it’s music. It’s a cliché kind of thing to say that you can’t live without it but once those first soundwaves enter your earlobes not only are there connections made on a neuroscience level but there are connections made on a spiritual level. To me, the first music to fully pierce my soul was rock music. I (fortunately) vaguely remember listening to the parmesans, brie’s and mozzarellas of the late 90’s/early 00’s pop scene and never really knowing any different. However, that quickly changed when I first heard bands like Slipknot. It was on a school coach trip where I had my first encounter with their music and it was unlike anything I’d ever heard. After that, I rapidly built a library of new music in my brain and I was reborn. Those were the days (that phrase is not limited to one generation in my books)! Since then, I discovered a plethora of new music, genres and artists ranging from classic rock to folk to jazz to punk to Jrock to blues and more. These days I’d put Janis Joplin, Fleetwood Mac, Blue October, Jefferson Airplane, Joni Mitchell and many others at the top of my list!
I’m Yasmine, a passionate journalist student with a deep love for heavy metal and rock music. Music has been the driving force of change in my life and inspires me to live life to the fullest. I thrive from the music scene, there’s a strong unity within the metal community of coming together, despite whatever chaos may be going on in the world, to enjoy good music! I also love journalism and keep myself busy by flipping between making youtube videos about new albums and my favourite songs, to doing gig photo shoots with bands and interviewing bands. I’m just fun, exciting, a bit strange and love a good guitar solo or solid breakdown.
I’m Smudge (yes it’s my real name) and I was born in the capital when the world was black and white. I remember the T.V only having 3 channels and going off air at midnight, having milk at school, national strikes, blackouts, 3 day weeks and being able to leave your front door open… but we were happy. During all this satanic dark oppression came the first movements of the electron for me…via the flat below it weaved its way through the sash windows echoing off the concrete of the tenements into my fertile ears. What the fuck was that?…’The Spirit Of Radio’ by Rush. I had to discover more and it came through the radio on a Friday night where I would discover Judas Priest and whole new world of this thing we call METAL!! I truly love it all….As I fast approach a milestone birthday my musical tastes are wide and varied and have become more extreme the older I get. In short I love the whole METAL world, its way of life and what it stands for. I have lived through glam rock (the real glam rock!!), disco, punk, new wave, new romantics, body popping, brit pop (ugh!!), grunge and whole host of other fly by night fads. What has remained and continued to grow through the decades? METAL….It’s no fad it just is and will always be relevant.
I have worked in this crazy business through other avenues previously including security, writing for a magazine and I was a roadie. I even tried singing (the less said about that the better). I am supported by my eternally patient, beautiful and understanding wife and my tech savvy daughter who amazes me everyday.
Those fine people at Midlands Metalheads radio have seen fit to allow me to bring you a show of a different genre of metal each week. They are obviously people of great intelligence and refinement and know talent when they hear it or they are absolute fools with no idea and find bribery acceptable…whatever… I invite you to join me on my journey of musical discovery and re-discovery. If you see me at gig in the future, please come and say hello (I need all the help I can get).
Vinyl junkie.Music geek. Anything along those lines pretty much describes me. I’ve grown up with a massively diverse music taste and love the history as well as the tune behind sound waves! After studying music and performing for 7 years I took a different turn in my career perspective by getting involved in Media at Uni, and that led me to my current and future passion of Radio!!
I’ve been collecting records since the age of 14 and have been supporting Record Store Day 3 years running! The first record I bought was a 12” single of ‘Hersham Boys by Sham 69’ – pretty awesome. When I was 15 I was fortunate enough to visit Mr Cobain’s house in Seattle and this left me with a strong interest for music history and appreciation (very geeky I know but realistically? I don’t care!).
Gig wise I’ve seen a wide range of musicians and bands from Paul McCartney to Slipknot, from Bob Dylan to Marilyn Manson, and Sex Pistols to Yes! I’ve been to a number of festivals but my favourite has got to be the Cambridge Folk Festival – and before you judge let me just tell you this, here is where I saw and met The Levellers and first heard Steve Earle…
So, if you’re wondering what to expect from The Rule Breakers, not only will you hear the musicians stated above but so much more good music, some you’ll like, some you may not like and some you may not have even heard before. Each one will be a rule breaker in their own way, stay tuned to find out why….
I spent most of my life living in Germany with my dad being in the Army only returning to the UK in my early 30’s. The first ‘rock’ record I ever bought was The Final Countdown by Europe when I was just 12 years old, soon to be followed by Guns n’ Roses Appetite For Destruction. Fast forward a few years and I had discovered Faith No More, Anthrax & Metallica. My first ‘rock’ gig was seeing Soundgarden, Faith No More & G n’R in Hannover Germany in 1992. By this time I was obsessed with music and quickly expanded my tastes to the death metal genre with bands like Death, Obituary, Cannibal Corpse and Gorefest. Then in 1995 I found myself backstage with some friends at a Machine Head concert (where I ironically celebrated my 21st birthday) and Robb Flynn was playing this band called Korn on their small ghetto blaster and I was instantly hooked on what I was hearing. A year later, Fear Factory were touring the Demanufacture album around Europe and I went to 6 shows on that tour, again ending up backstage each night. One of those nights Dino played a demo of this band called Coal Chamber. Again, I was instantly drawn to what I was hearing.
Through the latter half of the 90’s I was obsessed with what became the Nu-Metal ‘movement’, although I never faltered from my roots of the more traditional and Death metal genres, I lived and breathed Nu-Metal. Over the years I have attended countless concerts and festivals and am even fortunate enough to now call some of my hero’sactual friends.
Nu-Metal as a genre has often been treated like the distant cousin that Metal didn’t want to often be associated with, but without it, Metal as a whole would be much less mainstream and probably more taboo had it not been for breakout acts like Linkin Park & Limp Bizkit and now, 20 plus years since the ‘movement’ began, Nu-Metal is seeing a resurgence of new bands, drawing massive influences from the first wave.
On my showI intend to play a mix of everything that can be called Nu-Metal, Groove Metal and most importantly…’makes yawanna move’ Metal. I will also be throwing a few curveballs to keep you all on your toes…. Whatever happens, I hope you have as much fun as I will.
My first music love was Elvis from the age of 12, then at the age of 15 my friend played me New Jersey and Slippery when wet by Bon Jovi. I was hooked on the high energy guitar sound from then on.
Then in late 1991….. Use your Illusion by Guns n Roses fell in to my hands – I wore the tape out. Over and over and over. I remember in 1992, sitting to watch the Freddy Mercury tribute concert on TV. We sat there waiting for GnR to come on. The first band on was Metallica playing Enter Sandman – I turned the TV off as I thought it was too loud and raucous. As for the crazy bass player running round in circles whilst playing…. What an idiot I thought.
Anyway, GnR were good and some of the other bands were too. At that time, Axl was my hero (being a ginger in your teens, you don’t have many role-models). I did still love Elvis, but I had just grown out my quiff and was growing the hair as per Axl.
So, skip forward to mid 1992…. Band practise. The bassplayer at the time bought along a CD and kept playing tracks 1, 2 and 12 (Enter Sandman, Sad but true and Struggle within). Again, I was hooked. I listened to it over and over – The way the bass pounded. Within four months, I had bought my first bass….. a black 5 string.
The next step in my education was when a friend gave me a tape with Vulgar display of Power (by Pantera) and Refuse Resist (by Sepultura) on it. So this pretty much outlines my musical taste. It’s broadened a bit since then, and playing bass has certainly helped me get into different bands –Motorhead, Thin Lizzy, Chilli Peppers, and loads more.
I spent some time as a photographer years ago and my proudest time was being a live photographer for Gibson Guitars and Marshall Amps, getting to photograph bands like Thin Lizzy, Heaven & Hell, Black Label Society, Saxon etc.
Now most of my time is taken up with playing in bands (I play bass in a Black Sabbath tribute and I sing and play bass in a covers band – between the two bands I get to play some of the greatest rock/metal songs every played to extremely appreciative audiences.
A musician from a young age, growing up my musical life revolved around the trumpet. Classical, brass band and later jazz and Motown took priority. It wasn’t until high school I discovered the joys of hard rock and metal, picked up a guitar and drum sticks and haven’t looked back since! Of course I love classic rock and metal (as well as classical, jazz and Motown) but I spend more time listening to modern hard rock and metal (2000 onwards) and my guilty pleasure is rock/metal covers of pop songs. I graduated from SSR Manchester in 2016 with a degree in sound engineering and my life now revolves around music, which is just great!
Jim was a teenager in the 90’s and grew up surrounded by a plethora of incredible music from a broad range of genres. He showed no prejudice with music and absorbed everything he heard like a sponge. From Britpop and Indie, to Hardcore and Punk, from Classic Rock toThrash Metal and everything in between.
For over 20 years, he has played in a variety of metal bands and extensively toured the UK and Europe. In 2001 he joined Murder One featuring members of Iron Monkey and Raging Speedhorn. Then in 2004, he formed the deathcore outfit The Seventh Cross with a group of friends who shared a love for Scandinavian death metal and brutal hardcore. They signed to Candlelight Records and released the album “Scorched By The Flames of Vengeance” to rave reviews by the music press. The band toured Europe many times over playing shows and festivals with the likes of Napalm Death, Bring Me The Horizon, Crowbar, Converge, Comeback Kid and more.Since then, Jim has played in Betrayed By Many (featuring members of UKHC legends Stampin’ Ground) and Gods (featuring members of The Hurt Process and Winterfylleth).
He now plays in sludge/punk/noise outfit Barrabus (featuring members of Medulla Nocte) and their debut album recently released through Undergroove Records received 5K’s in Kerrang, 8/10 in Metal Hammer and 8.5/10 in Terrorizer.Jim says “I remember my parents playing a rock compilation cassette in the car when I was a kid and heard Toto, Thin Lizzy, Rainbow and Boston blasting through the stereo – my life was changed! Throughout my teens, I traded tapes and CD’s with mates at school and college as if the world was about to end. I was obsessed. Each new record I heard was a thrilling, exciting discovery which took me away from the mundane boredom of daily life. To now be part of a dedicated rock and metal station where I can share new music with like minded people is a dream come true.”
Music has always been the fuel in my tank. I cannot remember a time when I was not immersed in the sounds of one of my many musical heroes (and there are loads). Even more precious was the day I discovered the noise made by guitars. Seeing Marc Bolan strutting around and pouting whilst armed with a Les Paul is a sight to stir the passion of any musical gladiator surely
I loved the Punk years, soaked up New Wave and feasted on BritPop. As soon as I was old enough(ish) I started watching Live Bands. That opened up a new world for me. Seeing bands Like Hawkwind, Motorhead, The Jam, AC/DC, Metallica and many others stirred my loins ike you cannot imagine. I have always enjoyed a wide range of musical genres, but my favourite go to music is the Blues.
The Blues is not the easiest thing to define in my book as it is more about an attitude than just a style of playing and many many bands associated with many genres have included Blues songs in their repertoire.
I love exploring The Blues from wherever it originates and can’t wait to share my favourite tracks with others. I am also in a band myself and I get a real buzz out of playing live. Happiest when playing guitar. So happy that there is still so much music out there waiting to be discovered.
What’s up? I’m Scott! Originally I’m from Cradley Heath, then I moved to Halesowen and now I take residence in the city of Wolverhampton. I’m a fan of horror, comic books (and their TV/film adaptations), wrestling, cats and of course rock and metal! \m/
In my teens I used to go a monthly under 18s rock and metal night at the Wulfrun Hall with some friends from school. It was there I discovered metal. I really connected with the music and ever since I’ve been a metalhead.I love me a bit of everything from punk to goth to glam to thrash to folk and so on. But in the last few years I’ve been drawn to symphonic metal like a moth to the flame. The orchestral and operatic elements of the genre enthral and inspire me.
Born, Birmingham 1957. Quite late getting into music, as parents weren’t that bothered, most of my childhood was spent listening to Music For Pleasure albums (75p from Wollies boys ‘n girls !!) – “Geoff Love and his Orchestra Play Big War Movie Themes” ‘n all that shit….. Then, Secondary school I was introduced to “Pictures At An Exhibition” by ELP – blew my mind, have been a Prog Head ever since…
I grew up with classic British rock in the early Seventies, bands like Purple, Sabbath and Zeppelin. Deep Purple’s ‘In Rock’ was the album that really got me into this type of music and my first real gig was seeing the Coverdale/Hughes version of the band in 1974.
Many years later, after punk and hair metal had come and gone, I went to my first festival at Donington in 1991, seeing the likes of Metallica and AC/DC in a live environment. That convinced me to try my hand at radio and also being in a band – radio was the winner as it was almost impossible to get a new rock band off the ground at that time. Since then, my presenting ‘career’ has spanned a number of stations as I search for more classic tracks and discover new talent. Finally though, I’ve found a professional station that does things properly, the way I would like to do them if it was my station and staff.
Growing up in semi-rural Essex wasn’t easy. I’ve never been your stereotypical “Essex girl”. I never really fit in. I guess I’ve always been drawn to the dark and macabre. It was inevitable that these inclinations would eventually lead to a passion for extreme metal – and particularly black metal.
Since joining Midlands Metalheads in 2015, I’ve met so many wonderful people and music has practically taken over my life. I now manage the black metal band Shadowflag and the Blackened Noise project Satan’s Bee Keeper.
I love my adopted city of Birmingham and work with the Home of Metal project which promotes and celebrates Birmingham’s musical heritage.
When I’m not at a gig, you’ll find me cuddled up with my pet ferret Nero or exploring a graveyard somewhere.
A lover of Rock music, and supporter of local bands and venues. Deb loves being down the front at gigs. She currently runs her own blog page (http://therockasylum.blog ), which is proving to be very popular and feels it has given her the opportunity to develop an understanding of the music industry.
Specialist Areas: Review Writer
John E Smoke should have been born in Wolverhampton but was instead born in Stone which, if you think about it, is a kind of rock. He is proud of his family’s black country roots in the home of heavy metal.
Like a lot of people, his first taste of the heavy stuff came from watching top of the pops as a child. The band in question was Iron Maiden and John’s eyes and ears were opened to the world of heavy.
His first proper gig was The Almighty in Wolverhampton, quickly followed by Sepultura, Obituary and much more of the heavy stuff. However, he didn’t turn his back on the ‘other side’ maintaining a love of Depeche Mode and Frankie Goes to Hollywood.
As a teenager, thanks to John Peel, John discovered the UK hardcore punk scene and for a while he produced a fanzine called Bleaurgh! While doing this he interviewed bands such as Doom, Bolt Thrower, Napalm Death, Electrohippies and loads of other hardcore/grindcore bands. About the same time he got into alternative, experimental and industrial music including favourite bands Butthole Surfers, The Pixies, Skinny Puppy and Godflesh.
While he never let the love of grind and hardcore die, John formed the band Flesh Eating Foundation with an old school friend, exploring his love of dark electronic and experimental music. His band have released several albums and EPs and have gigged with the likes of Skinny Puppy, Atari Teenage Riot, Angelspit and even someone called Gary Numan.
He now hosts the John E Smoke show on Midlands Metalheads. The show includes three segments, Rivetheads for industrial and electro, All Turn Native for noise rock and post rock/metal, and The Dark3rd for dark ambient, drone and sleep music.
John’s current musical obsessions are Sunn o))), Devin Townsend and anything that Mike Patton touches.
Rivetheads have their own section on this site, where you’ll find reviews and interviews.
Midlands born, Merseyside based. Music is a big part of my life. Discovering new bands, working through discographies, revisiting old gems, going to gigs… all very exciting. I grew up in the glory days of nu metal and pop punk, and from there my tastes broadened as the years went by. Heavy/traditional/power is my preference, although I think there’s probably something of value in every sub-genre (that goes for non metal as well).
Liverpool FC fan. I enjoy writing, even if no one is reading. I would like to run some sort of cat sanctuary some day, although that’s just a pipe dream for now.
News & Social Media
I must’ve been about 16 when I came across Nightwish’s ‘Wishmaster’ and it blew me away… I found a music genre that spoke to me so the search for more and more unconventional bands began and what a journey it’s been so far. At 18 years old I saw my first metal gig in London, Stratovarious and that was it, my passion for live music started. There is no feeling like the one you get when you are in the front row, I always say. One of my dreams was to be able to put on gigs and work with the bands I like so it was only a matter of time before I would start my own promotions company so in 2015 I started Lilith Promotions and it has been a rollercoaster of emotions but worth every second. Another dream of mine was having my own festival and guess what?? It’s happening, in March 2017, the first ever Darker Days Festival’s is on in Leicester. As I surround myself with this amazing music I must say I love my life and have tried my hardest to follow my dreams and making them come true.
I’m Alex and I have a great interest in the realms of music and writing. The Rock and Metal scene has impacted me greatly, having grown up with a love for the music from a young age and listening to it ever since. I started like many my age listening to metal through the avenues of such bands as Slipknot and Korn around age of 11 because it sounded harsh and abrasive, which as an 11 year old, is pretty much the best possible thing and so my path was forged. My first experience as a concert goer were at metal shows, from watching my friend’s bands or bigger acts, those experiences played a big part of my teenage years. My tastes in metal nowadays favour for the more extreme and experimental, the taste for abrasion never left.
As you can probably tell my name is Jack, and well I’ve been into rock/metal a long time. From what I remember it was hearing the iconic intro from Run To The Hills by Iron Maiden on a SSX game loading screen on the PS2 when I was a child that got me into the whole alternative scene.
I graduated from the University of Lincoln in 2017 where I studied Media Production. I love creating and working on different film projects whether that be filming them, editing them or colouring them.
Music has always been a part of my life as I almost always have music playing in the background of whatever I’m doing. From my later teenage years I have tried to go to as many gigs as possible including going to Download Festival and Slam Dunk. Although an inkling to the bands I’ve seen live: Asking Alexandria, Bullet For My Valentine, Enter Shikari, Iron Maiden, Hacktivist, Bring Me The Horizon, and Mallory Knox. (To name the British acts!).
Hey guys, my name is Jemma Kinzett. I have a huge passion for the media and music industry and I hope to one day leave my mark in both industries and share my creations to the world of film makers, lovers of rock music and anyone who have creative minds. I am also a vocalist at Birmingham Music School Yamaha and I get the opportunity to share my music passions and abilities to crowds of people.
I’d like to say my introduction to the world of rock music was like everyone else’s, where they have been taken to concerts and fallen in love with the band or they were raised head banging to classic rock songs by their families. My journey with rock music has helped express the person I am today in every way possible, but it was never easy.
I have always felt like an outcast to society, like the characters in Tim Burton’sfilms, quirky and different. Don’t get me wrong, I absolute love that but it took me a while to learn to accept it. I always struggleto fit in whether that be the latest fashion trends, having new technologies and especially music tastes. Mainly in my early years of school where everyone seemed to like pretty much the same thing such as pop music, R&B or rap and that scene just wasn’t for me personally…none of it was.
So, I decided to not care what anyone thought about me anymore and started expressing the real me, which obviously brought people calling me weird and looking at me different but honestly, being weird is awesome. I wore dark clothes that looked like I was dressed for Halloween every day of the year and I listened to rock music that helped me escape from reality and showed me somewhere I could feel confident and my happiest.
I’d definitely say I’m a true punk rocker at heart. My biggest inspirations being Paramore, Green Day, My Chemical Romance, Linkin Park, Fall Out Boy, Panic! At the Disco, Foo Fighters, Guns “N’ Roses, Avenged Sevenfold,Black Sabbath, Iron Maiden, Slipknot, Sum 41, Blink-182, Jimmy Eat World and the list continues. As you can tell, I struggled to narrow the list down. Due to these bands, they also introduced me to the metal music world, which I love just as much.
One of the things I love most about rock music is the people I have met along the way in the rock community. But rock music isn’t just about the sounds that we blast into our eardrums – not really. The true beauty of the records we share a love for is that they have always been a catalyst for some of the most strongly forged communities imaginable.
Rock music provides the platform for connection for us all, we should revel in the strength of those bonds, and continue to express the love we have for rock music.
Hello & Welcome!
An introduction to myself, my name is Sharon. Throughout various moments in my life I have often been defined by others as “different”. This was mostly due to my alternative, old-fashioned, diverse and “odd” taste in Music, Television and Films. What others saw as an “odd and peculiar taste”, I branded as my love and interest – after all we all have our own interests in life. Most of my interests in certain genres of Music, Television and Film; came from the influence of my family. It is with the interests I have had that has lead me to pursue a career in the Media industry, and have recently just graduated from University. Now having gained the qualifications, I am now following a path to gain more experience in the Media industry – either through in a Media, Film, Television or Radio field.
Moving on, music to me has always been a source of motivation. It is the very thing that enables me to get through a day. I have been brought up to listen a various amount of music, but the one genre of music that has stood throughout time is my love for Rock music. I absolutely love Rock music! Whether it be classic rock, rock ‘n’ roll, heavy rock or even punk rock. From KISS, Guns N Roses, ACDC, Joan Jett and the Blackhearts, Cherie Currie, The Runaways, Lita Ford, Elvis Presley and The Rolling Stones.
Now, I have been to a fair few rock gigs, concerts and festivals over the years, but one of my best memories would have to be the first time I went to a Rock Festival, back in 2015, to the Download Festival at Donnington Park, Derbyshire. Having ventured with a friend of mine, we managed to have an absolute fantastic time! The atmosphere was unexpected, it was much more than I had ever thought it would have been like. We met and made friends with some awesome people! Managed to see KISS, Motley Crue & Slash perform! And made ourselves an ever-lasting memory! It opened new doors for me, as I then later went onto seeing Cherie Currie (a former member of The Runaways) perform live at the Robin 2 in Bilston, back in 2015 with my Dad – and it does not stop there!
I guess what I am saying is, rock as a culture is legendary. It can give you a sense of belonging and purpose. It can give you experiences and memories that will last a life-time! So, if you share my views, interests and love for any form of Rock or metal – listen to the Midlands Metalheads Radio Station, check out the latest on our website and be updated with our social media platforms!
Hi there, I’m Neale, I Music Photographer from Staffordshire.
Back in 2015, I attended a gig of one of my favourite bands at the 02 Academy Birmingham. Being quite near the front was unusual but I found myself there all night. Everytime a band came on; whether it be support or even the main act; I noticed photographers on the other side of the barrier and didn’t think much of it until that night.
On the way back from the gig I was scrolling through social media when I came across a picture of the band on facebook; taken at the gig by one of the photographers. I was intrigued. Upon further scrolling; I found even more pictures; some of which blew me away.
It was highly interesting to me how a single frame taken of the band’s set could be interpreted by an audience who didn’t attend the gig. It was more than just snapshots; it was an artform. Framing, focus, exposure and editing.
Being a film graduate; I already owned a camera and had just began nightclub photography on Broad Street so I began shooting local music gigs to build up a portfolio and refine my technique; it was alot of hard work! It took a while to build up a good portfolio and eventually I started accessing bigger shows.
To this date of writing this, I have been blown away with how far I’ve come and have only just scratched the surface. You can find me in the photopit and taking pictures in nighclubs across the midlands every weekend.
Nothing beats the rush of stepping into the photopit and waiting for a band you’ve listened to for years to come on stage. It’s an addiction.
Hi, I’m Rob, a now retired BT chappie who belongs to Lisa! Since departing the telecoms scene my main interest has become photography, which to date has been mainly centred around live music. Although I am more at home working in the studio that Lisa and I have, I really do enjoy the challenge of festival work (oh, those long hours!), where the MMH family excels and is much respected. I also work with Lisa offering support to local bands, old and new, as they endeavour to launch or further their forays into the music business.
They call me Manny
I’m a 60’s baby so grew up listening to the 70’s and 80’s.
At school in the 70’s I found Rock music and click I’ve loved it ever since.
I have vivid memory’s of going to ‘concerts’ with ‘Vic’, my old mate Bruce, whilst we were still at Boarding School…Of walking back from the Manchester Apollo to Buxton, and managing to hitch a lift over the foggy moors as we’d missed the last train back due to watching the amazing Alice Cooper….
Photography has been something I’ve enjoyed for years.
I love shooting Military Aircraft that was until a friend asked me to shoot his band in a local pub. Boom!! the fight with low light photography was born.
Gig photography gives me the chance to enjoy two great passions at the same time !! I hope you enjoy the images I capture and that they convey the atmosphere and the rawness of the gig !
feel free to hunt me down on FB as either MannyTographY or manny manson
Although I didn’t really get into music until a late age, my earliest memory of ‘cool’ is electric guitars and long hair (with no musical ability of my own I’ve only managed one of those). When I did start to get into music it was punk at first, but it didn’t take long until I was listening to heavier and heavier stuff. That slippery slope has led me to today, listening to extreme black and death metal.
Photography gives me a creative outlet but whilst also catering to my techy brain. When not at gigs I like shooting ruins, who doesn’t love a ruined church!?
Shooting for Midlands Metalheads has allowed me to combine both of these passions.